Maquette of Papal altar

Miami was the first stop on Pope John Paul II’s six-city visit to the United States on September 10-11, 1987. For a mass to be celebrated by the Pope, a special altar was erected on the Tamiami fair grounds (adjacent to the campus of Florida International University),  with space allocated for a quarter million worshipers.The grounds have been used for other such purposes as being the site where Cuban refugees were processed during the Mariel boat lift and housing the National Guard when they arrived after Hurricane Andrew in 1992.  The temperatures on the day of the mass were searing hot and the service was eventually interrupted by stormy weather. The service was completed in private but the Pope would later re- emerge to bless those who braved the weather. He then departed for his next stop in Columbia, SC. Photo 67


Artifacts of the Month

Here we have a chalice, Archbishop Coleman F. Carroll’s Mitre and the Missal Cover. The chalice and Missal Cover are courtesy of St. Anthony’s Church in Fort Lauderdale. The chalice is a wine cup that has been blessed before use in the ceremony of the Eucharist in Christian rituals (Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Lutherism and Anglicanism). The gold represents the tradition and sacredness of family. The chalice has been used since the beginning of the Church and it is considered to be one of the most sacred vessels in Christian worship. Archbishop Carroll’s Mitre is courtesy of St. Mary’s Cathedral, Miami Shores. The Mitre is a ceremonial head-dress expressly for bishops and abots to wear in Christianity and is seen in Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and other Christian religions. The Mitre is a tall cap comprised of a front and back that are folded to form a peak and it is sewn together along the sides. A missal cover is used for protection of Bibles and the covers can range from ordinary black to elaborately designed covers, such as the one shown below on the right. Photo 56

Archbishop Carroll’s Mass Vestment

These Mass vestments were worn by Archbishop Coleman F. Carroll, D.D., the first bishop and subsequently archbishop of Miami from 1958 to 1977. Archbishop Carroll was installed as bishop by the Most Reverend Francis Patrick Keough, D.D., Archbishop of Baltimore at St. Mary’s Cathedral in Miami on October 7th, 1958. The Diocese was elevated to Archdiocese by Pope Paul VI on March 2nd, 1968 and Carroll became its Archbishop.

The stole is a liturgical vestment usually associated with, among others, Catholicism.  It consists of a band of silk colored cloth and the ends either hang straight or they fan out. The stole is worn around the neck with the two ends hanging down in front of the body, parallel to each other. The ends can either be attached to each other or they can simply hang loosely. There is usually some form of religious decoration on the stole, usually a cross and it represents the blood of Christ. The rose color seen here is used on two occasions: the 3rd Sunday of Advent and the 4th Sunday of Lent and it is worn as a sign of anticipated joy.Photo 55